Core Project in Ethiopia

CROWN Core Projects are independent research projects engaged in the collaborative. Each Core Project focuses on increasing adherence to maternal micronutrient supplements among women of reproductive age. As members of the collaborative, Core Projects collaborate with each other by sharing knowledge, resources, and findings across the project lifespan.

Our Project in Ethiopia Placeholder
Our Project in Ethiopia

Women’s health

  • Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births): 401 deaths1
  • Anemia prevalence (women of reproductive age): 24%1
  • Anemia prevalence (pregnant women): 29%1
  • Anemia prevalence (non-pregnant women): 24%1
  • 4+ ANC visits during pregnancy: 43%2
  • Receipt of iron tablets or syrup (among those with 4+ ANC visits): 60%3

Child health

  • Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 49 deaths2
  • Child stunting (<2SD from the median height-for-age): 35%2
  • Child wasting (<2SD from the median weight-for-height): 7%2


The project is being led by the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP). CCP was established over 30 years ago in order to bring social and behavioral change in the sphere of public health to improve the health of individuals, families and communities globally. They work with governments, non-governmental organizations, providers and clients, community health workers, religious leaders and communities in various sectors such as family planning and reproductive health, maternal and child health, HIV, Malaria, COVID-19 and emerging infectious diseases and non-communicable diseases. CCP’s expertise lies primarily in social and behavioral change, knowledge management advocacy, risk communication, community management and applied research. Through evidence-based strategies and people-centered approaches, CCP aims to positively impact people’s lives to enable them to lead healthier lives.

Country Indicators

There has been significant improvement in the maternal health outcomes in Ethiopia over the last 20 years. Although the maternal mortality ratio dropped from 1030 per 100,000 live births in 2000 to 401 per 100,000 live births in 2017, the indicator is still alarmingly high. The infant mortality rate decreased from 87 per 1000 live births in 2000 to 36.5 per 1000 live births in 2019. As the health of the newborns is a direct reflection of the mother’s health, it is crucial to focus on reducing maternal mortality to see positive changes in newborn health. Micronutrient deficiencies are an important contributor to the global burden of disease through increasing rates of illness and death. Anemia is one of the most common micronutrient deficiency. About 24% of women in reproductive age, and 29% of pregnant women are anemic in Ethiopia.1 However, only 10.5% women consumed Iron and Folic at least for 90 days during their last pregnancy.2


  1. World Bank. World development indicators [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2022 Mar 29]. Available from:
  2. Central Statistical Agency/CSA/Ethiopia and ICF. 2016 [cited 2022 Mar 29]. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: CSA and ICF.